"During the thirteenth century surnames began to come into
general use, and by the end of the fourteenth century practically
all persons bore hereditary surnames."
"Scottish names derive from patronymics (e.g., Robertson),
occupations (Burgess), local features or places (Guthrie), and nicknames
(Inglis, meaning English)."
"The Welsh used an ancient PATRONYMIC naming system whereby
the children of a marriage took their Father's forename as their
"Ireland was one of the first countries to adopt hereditary
surnames, many of which were devised during the reign of Brian Boru,
the High King of Ireland, who fell defending Ireland from the Vikings
at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014AD."